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On this family crest is the crown that national tradition connects with the person of King István (997–1038) (Saint Stephen), the country's first Christian king.This crown, usually called Sacred Crown or Holy Crown, has always been endowed with a mystical and transcendent meaning.In 1526, a young Hungarian king fell in a battle with the Ottoman Turks.On the basis of a marriage contract, the Habsburgs claimed the Hungarian throne.The gigantic painting entitled "The Arrival of the Hungarians" is another national symbol.Feszty originally painted it for the millennial celebration (1896).On the one hand, there was a nation–state that ethnic Hungarians and non-Hungarians could share.
While the consciousness of "we are all alone" was dormant during the socialist period (1948–1989), it still remained a recognizable and crucial part of the national identity. There is evidence that the Hungarian nation was a unit in the Middle Ages.
In the Middle Ages, groups and nationalities that were not ethnically Hungarian lived in the nation.
After the late Middle Ages, a dual national consciousness is demonstrable.
Hungary lies within the temperate zone and has four distinct seasons. As in several European countries, the population of the elderly is on the rise and that of children on the decrease.
The officially recognized minorities are Armenians, Bulgarians, Croats, Germans, Greeks, Poles, Romanians, Roma (Gypsy), Ruthenians, Serbs, Slovaks, Slovenes, and Ukrainians.