Dating in china in the past
The Chinese Civil War led to the break up of the country in 1949, with the victorious Communist Party of China founding the People’s Republic of China on the mainland while the losing Kuomintang retreated to Taiwan, a dispute which is still unresolved.
Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of the world's fastest-growing.
In 1127, Emperor Huizong of Song and the capital Bianjing were captured during the Jin–Song Wars.
For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE.The Xianbei unified them as the Northern Wei, whose Emperor Xiaowen reversed his predecessors' apartheid policies and enforced a drastic sinification on his subjects, largely integrating them into Chinese culture.In the south, the general Liu Yu secured the abdication of the Jin in favor of the Liu Song.King Zheng of Qin proclaimed himself the First Emperor of the Qin dynasty.He enacted Qin's legalist reforms throughout China, notably the forced standardization of Chinese characters, measurements, road widths (i.e., cart axles' length), and currency.Many independent states eventually emerged from the weakened Zhou state and continually waged war with each other in the 300-year Spring and Autumn period, only occasionally deferring to the Zhou king.By the time of the Warring States period of the 5th–3rd centuries after the state of Qin conquered the other six kingdoms and established the first unified Chinese state.Han involvement in Central Asia and Sogdia helped establish the land route of the Silk Road, replacing the earlier path over the Himalayas to India.Han China gradually became the largest economy of the ancient world.His dynasty also conquered the Yue tribes in Guangxi, Guangdong, and Vietnam.The Han expanded the empire's territory considerably, with military campaigns reaching Central Asia, Mongolia, South Korea, and Yunnan, and the recovery of Guangdong and northern Vietnam from Nanyue.