Consolidating power ancient rome
the fall of Constantinople in 1453 the Ottoman empire absorbed the former Byzantine lands and the number of Christians under Ottoman rule greatly increased.
They seemed also to have brought cohesiveness to the multi-ethnic and tribal components of the expanding empire.Changes in African and global trading patterns strengthened some West and Central African states — especially on the coast; this led to the rise of new states and contributed to the decline of states on both the coast and in the interior.authority over other people is not something we humans take for granted. Coercion and force have long been a part of political power, but we yield to them out of fear or for pragmatic reasons rather than our belief that they constitute legitimate reasons for our consent.Consequently, Christian and Jewish millets turned to the development of craft skills, finance and brokerage.They adopted a policy of "ruling different people differently," allowing local languages, customs, and in some cases, permitting local leaders to maintain leadership positions. Manchus, of course, were the most favored group but Chinese were allowed to take governing posts in the Confucian bureaucracy along with Manchus.Religion and art continued to be closely connected with the political power of states.On the most holy day of the nativity of the Lord when the king rose from praying at Mass before the tomb of blessed Peter the apostle, Pope Leo placed a crown on his head and all the Roman people cried out, "To Charles Augustus, crowned by God, great and peace-giving emperor of the Romans, life and victory.” And after the laudation he was adored by the pope in the manner of the ancient princes and, the title of Patrician being set aside, he was called emperor and Augustus.Empires expanded and conquered new peoples around the world, but they often had difficulties incorporating culturally, ethnically, and religiously diverse subjects, and administrating widely dispersed territories.Agents of the European powers moved into existing trade networks around the world.To deal with the increasing diversity of the Empire, Mehmet II introduced what would later be called the millet system.Each millet, from the Arabic word for nation, was an autonomous zone made up of a particular religious group.